It may be interesting to look at the availability of Japanese animation on television outside Japan.
Quite a number of countries have had anime broadcasts at some time in the past, often sparking an interest in anime in those countries. See for instance:
However, if one was to ask which have a significant amount of anime programming today, the answer seems to be that few do.
Those having a significant amount are listed below:
USA: Anime is broadcast on many channels. The website below gives listings for local stations in the USA and Canada:
lists a number of them. There are so many that it would be tedious to copy them all out. See also Cartoon Network, Toonami, Funimation etc.
UK: negligible, apart from occasional kid’s shows and movie broadcasts.
France: Regular programming on ‘Mangas’ channel (pay channel).
Germany: Regular programming on several channels: see
Mainly on RTLII, Anixe, Viva, Animax.
Italy: Regular programming on several channels: see
mainly Italia 1, Rai2, Boing
Spain: There appears to be some anime on Spanish TV. It’s not clear how much regular programming there is, as I couldn’t find a fan-site with a schedule.
Mainly Tres Espana, Nicktoons, cartoon Network Espana, Antena3, Boing
Switzerland: Swiss viewers have three languages to choose from. RTL II Schweiz and Animax have anime in German.
Austria: Animax (pay TV), Viva. See also ‘Germany’.
Astute readers may have guessed that some of these channels are broadcast on satellite, and that some are free-to-air, raising the possibility of cross-border viewing. This is feasible to a small degree, e.g. RTL II is free-to-air, and you can watch it in England. The question arises though, is it worth the bother? At one time it was, and in fact I discovered and tried to popularise the idea of Satellite TV Anime, on the grounds that some interesting shows were being broadcast that could not be readily accessed by any other means (and one could receive up to 10 hours of anime a day using some cheap surplus analog equipment.) This is not the case today, when even if the shows available on international satellite (invariably dubbed in the local language) are of any interest, much more can be had with English subtitles from a legitimate anime streaming service, or via bittorrent downloads.
In any case, you would need to buy a special satellite receiving kit, which you wouldn’t bother with just to indulge your curiosity. (If you’re that curious, you can probably get the same satellite channels streamed via the Internet.)